Chapter-36 Applied Clinical Pharmacology: Antibiotics, Analgesics and Anxiolytics in Dental Practice

BOOK TITLE: Fundamentals of Oral Medicine and Radiology

1. DN Bailoor
2. LK Chatra
3. Prashanth Shenai
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. Yenepoya Dental College and Hospital, Mangalore
2. Yenepoya Dental College and Hospital, Mangalore
3. Yenepoya Dental College and Hospital, Mangalore
Chapter keywords


It is important to be vigilant regarding side effects and abuse of any drug before using them. With the availability of newer and better drugs, the clinician is definitely at better advantage while combating diseases. With newer brands available, the commercial marketing strategies of the drug companies may attract the clinician. But the treatment of diseases with drugs in every single patient should be carefully evaluated. The issue of side effects regarding medication used and the risk versus benefit for each case should be considered. It is definitely wiser to take expert opinion from an oral medicine specialist when in doubt regarding the use of a drug. Today the use of therapeutic drugs by the clinician requires thorough knowledge of molecular mechanism of action, pharmaco-therapeutics, toxic effect of that drug etc. Drugs are used in curative, suppressive and preventive way. The discovery of newer drugs have given the clinician widest range to choose from. Though numerous drugs are used in dentistry, this chapter shall limit itself to anti-microbial and analgesics which are commonly used in dentistry. As the role of psychosomatic factors in many oral diseases is becoming more evident, a brief discussion on anxiolytics and antidepressants also becomes relevant.

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