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Chapter-05 Orbital Complications: Injury to Lamina Papyracea, Medial Rectus Muscle, Nasolacrimal Duct, Retrobulbar Haemorrhage, Injury to Optic Nerve, Periorbital Emphysema

BOOK TITLE: Complications in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: Diagnosis, Prevention and Management

Author
1. Kaluskar SK
2. Sachdeva Sanjay
ISBN
9788180617058
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/10162_5
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2006
Pages
16
Author Affiliations
1. Tyrone County Hospital, Northern Ireland, UK, Tyrone County Hospital, Omagh, Northern Ireland, UK
2. Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, India
Chapter keywords

Abstract

This chapter discusses in great detail prevention, diagnosis and management of intra orbital complication that can occur during the operation or in the immediate post operative period. Special emphasis is made to the operative technique to prevent entry into the orbit. A detailed account of various predisposing factors are discussed to prevent orbital complications and if it occurs during operation various measures that need to be taken immediately are discussed step by step. Complications are divided into minor and major categories and are discussed in further detail. Special emphasis is made on intraorbital haematoma and its immediate treatment in terms of orbital decompression. The pathology of optic nerve injury is discussed and treatment is outlined. Orbital complications occurring in the post operative period is discussed and urgent steps to be taken are outlined. The chapter is profusely illustrated with CT scan, intra operative, postoperative photographs. Delayed complication s such as epiphora due to the damage of the nasolacrymal duct is discussed.

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