Chapter-04 Milestones of the Preschool Child to School Age Child

BOOK TITLE: Textbook of Growth and Development for Nursing Students

1. Neeraja KP
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. Navodaya College of Nursing, Raichur, Karnataka, India, Navodaya College of Nursing, Raichur, Karnataka, Navodaya College of Nursing, Mantralayam Road, Raichur, Karnataka, Navodaya College of Nursing, Raichur, Channapatna, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords


Preschool Child–Role of family in meeting needs of preschool child. The physical G and D height, weight, system wise development. Psychosocial/emotional development, psychosexual development–oedipal period, sexuality, masturbation; concepts related to the world, moral development, language and speech development, body image, play needs, safety factors in selection of toys, measures to meet the emotional and social needs of preschool children, health promotion and anticipatory guidance. School age child—role of family in meeting needs of school age child. Biologic growth and physiologic development, psychosocial, psychosexual, intellectual development, exceptional/gifted children–role of parents in handling gifted children, moral development, role of adults in children activities, preparing the child for school, helping the child to succeed in school, parent–teacher conferences, emotional preparation of the child for success in school–academic content standards, academic achievement standards, educational progress, educational leadership, coursework assignment, special educational activities–montessori training; behavioural problems among children–definition, causes, assessment. Principles and specific interventions in dealing with behavioural problems in general. Specific behavioural problems–colic, breath hold spells, sleeping problems–bedtime resistance, nightmares, night terrors, somnambulism, early morning riser; bathing problems, unsocial behaviour, head banging, temper tantrums, autism, negativism, masturbation, school refusal, enuresis, encopresis, thumb sucking, TICs/habit spasms, bipolar disorder—depression, personality disorders–aggression and tension; eating disorders–anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, pica; childhood schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, emotional outbursts, language problems–fluency disorders, antisocial problems–delinquency, conversional syndrome, passive rebellion, spoiling, jealousy, selfishness, hurting others, destructiveness–the causes, manifestations, treatment and Prevention, etc. are discussed in detail.

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