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Chapter-22 Common Eye, Ear, Nose, Throat and Dental Problems in Children

BOOK TITLE: Partha’s Fundamentals of Pediatrics

Author
1. Surendran TS
2. Meenakshi S
3. Baskar PK
4. Lakshmanan K
ISBN
9788184480214
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/10588_22
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2007
Pages
23
Author Affiliations
1. Medical Research Foundation, Shankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Strabismological Society of India, Sankara Nethralaya, 18, College Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Strabismological Society of India and Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Sankara Nethralaya Medical Research Foundation, Chennai
2. Sankara Nethralaya, 18, College Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Sankara Nethralaya A Unit of Medical Research Foundation, Nungambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Sankara Nethralaya Medical Research Foundation, Chennai
3. Sri Viveka Institute of Dental Sciences, 54, GN Chetty Road, T Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Sri Viveka Institute of Dental Sciences, GN Chetty Road, T Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Sri Viveka Institute of Dental Health, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Sri Viveka Institute of Dental Health, 54, GN Chetty Road, T Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
4. Sri Ramachandra Medical College and University Hospital, Chennai
Chapter keywords
complications, topical application, fluorides, phosphorus, hearing, dental health, moisture, conductive deafness, suppurative otitis¸ diagnostic trap, gastroenteritis, antibiotics, insidious onset, atticoantral disease, nasal allergy, cholesteatoma, inactive cases, extradural abscess, ocular paralysis¸ stapedectomy

Abstract

This chapter discusses various aspects of common eye, ear, nose, throat, and dental problems in children, in detail. Common eye problems discussed include congenital glaucoma, strabismus, uveitis, and ocular trauma. Common ENT problems discussed include acute suppurative otitis media in infant (ASOM), nonsuppurative otitis media-acute and chronic, choanal atresia, faucial diphtheria, and laryngismus stridulus. The use of appropriate antibiotics and drainage of abscess are adequate as therapeutic measures of peritonsillar abscess. In epiglottis and laryngitis, fever with inspiratory stridor and a croupy brassy cough is seen and the infection is treated with appropriate antibiotics and if the obstruction is severe tracheostomy should be considered. In dysarthria, Speech is characterized by sudden increase in loudness with lack of variation in pitch. Pit and fissure caries may appear brown or black and feel soft. Nursing bottle caries can be treated with discontinuation of causative factors, modification of diet, and appropriate restoration.

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