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Chapter-03 Newborn Care

BOOK TITLE: Partha’s Fundamentals of Pediatrics

Author
1. Bhat B Vishnu
ISBN
9788184480214
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/10588_3
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2007
Pages
33
Author Affiliations
1. Jawaharlal Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Eduction and Research, Pondicherry, India, JIPMER, Pondicherry, e-mail: drvishnubhat@yahoo.com, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondichery, India, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate, Medical Education and Research, (JIPMER), Puducherry, India, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India, Jawaharlal Institute of Medical, Education and Research, Puducherry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research Puducherry, India, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India, JIPMER, Pondicherry
Chapter keywords
gastric capacity, brain damage¸ red blood cell, hypothyroidism, serum, glucuronyl transferase¸ antenatal screening¸ brain maturation, kidney¸ femur fracture¸ caput succedaneum, blood, enlarged liver, mongolian spots¸ blood loss, physiological jaundice¸ osteogenesis, active sucking¸ chest circumference¸ electrolyte levels, oxygenation

Abstract

This chapter discusses various aspects of newborn care in detail. A detailed knowledge of neonatal resuscitation, examination of a newborn, management of preterm and low birth weight babies, neonatal jaundice¸ and other neonatal disorders, is provided. Equipments required for resuscitation, initial steps of resuscitation, congenital malformations¸ and management of babies with perinatal asphyxia, is presented. Newborns need to be examined in areas such as skin/color, mouth¸ neck, chest, head, abdomen, genitalia¸ back and spine, birth injuries, and passage of urine and meconium, neonatal reflexes. Danger Signs in the newborn may include reduced activity, poor sucking¸ abdominal distension, pallor indicating anemia or shock, bleeding, and convulsions. The neonatal care can be broadly classified into three levels, primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care. For domiciliary treatment of low birth weight babies, it is advisable to have specially trained and interested domiciliary nurses who can work in association with the other colleagues.

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