Chapter-07 Community Pediatrics

BOOK TITLE: Partha’s Fundamentals of Pediatrics

1. Vani Shashi N
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. BJ Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad, India, Pramukh Swami Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat; BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, PS Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat; BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, Pramukhswamy Medical College and Sri Krishna Hospital, Karamsat, Anand, Gujarat 388 325
Chapter keywords
operational research, administrative commitment, patients, Indian scenario¸ acquiring infection, tuberculosis¸ adult case, children, nutrition, record-keeping, reporting, age group, multiple constraints, clean surface, newborn care, pregnant women, medical officers, morbidity, priority basis, immunization


This chapter discusses various aspects of Indian community pediatrics in detail. Demographic and vital statistics of India, national child health programs in India, and spectrum of community pediatric activities, are some topics discussed in detail. The important national programs in community pediatrics in India include national programs related to mother and child care, national programs related to control of communicable diseases, national programs related to control of nutritional deficiencies and disorders, and national programs related to control of non-communicable diseases. Objectives of MCH care are to reduce maternal, infant and childhood mortality and morbidity and to promote reproductive health. National programs on immunization, integrated management of newborn and childhood illness (IMNCI), diarrheal diseases control program, and reproductive and child health program, are steps towards this direction. Goals of revised national tuberculosis control program (RNTCP) are achieving a cure rate of at least 75 percent along with efforts to enhance case finding, in order to detect at least 70 percent of the estimated cases of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis.

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