EXPORT CITATION

Chapter-17 Urological and Renal Nursing (Renourological)

BOOK TITLE: Medical Surgical Nursing

Author
1. Basavanthappa BT
ISBN
9788184486353
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/10522_17
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2009
Pages
56
Author Affiliations
1. Govt College of Nursing, Fort, Bengaluru, Karnataka, Government College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, PhD Guide for Research Work, Govt. College of Nursing, Fort, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Govt. College of Nursing, Fort, Bangalore, India, Govt. College of Nursing, Fort, Bangalore, Government College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, PhD Guide for Research Work, Govt College of Nursing, Bangalore, Government College of Nursing, Fort, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Government College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, Government College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Raja Rajeswari College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India; Faculty of Nursing, RGUHS, Karnataka, India and Academic Council, RGUHS, Karnataka, India; UG, PG and Doctoral Courses on Nursing, Various Universities; Nursing Research Society of India, New Delhi, India, Trained Nurses Association of India, New Delhi, India; RGUHS, Nursing Teachers Association, Karnataka, India, Raja Rajeswari College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India; Faculty of Nursing; Academic Council, RGUHS, Karnataka, India; UG, PG and Doctoral Courses on Nursing, Various Universities; Nursing Research Society of India; Trained Nurses Association of India, New Delhi, India; RGUHS, Nursing Teachers Association, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords

Abstract

The urinary system consists of two kidneys, two ureters, a urinary bladder and urethra. The bladder provides storage while the ureters and urethra can be thought of as drainage channel for the urine after it is formed by kidneys. The primary function of the renal and urinal system is to maintain the body’s state of homeostasis by carefully regulating fluid and electrolytes, removing wastes, and providing hormones that are involved in red blood cell production, bone metabolism and hypertension. Proper function of the renal and urinary system is essential to life. Dysfunction of the kidney and lower urinary tract is common and may occur at any age and with varying degrees of severity. A thorough understanding the renal and urinary systems is necessary for assessing persons with acute or chronic dysfunction and implementing appropriate nursing care. This chapter covers the assessment of the renal and urinary system and also discusses some of the renal and urologic disorders encompass a wide spectrum of clinical problems. The diverse causes of these disorders may involve infections, immunologic, obstructive, metabolic and neurologic mechanism. These includes urinary tract infections, cystitis, urethritis, renal tuberculosis, Acute glomerulonephritis, Nephrotic syndrome, Good pastures syndrome, renal artery stenosis, Renal vein thrombosis, Nephrosclerosis, Obstructive Uropathies, Hydronephrosis, Renal calculi, Strictures Renal tumor, Wilms tumor, Bladder cancer, Renal trauma, Urinary incontinence, Renal failure. Each disorder presented with their etiology patho physiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic studies, treatment and nursing management with nursing care plans and procedures.

© 2019 Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.   |   All Rights Reserved