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Chapter-21 Organ Transplantation and Nursing

BOOK TITLE: Medical Surgical Nursing

Author
1. Basavanthappa BT
ISBN
9788184486353
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/10522_21
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2009
Pages
14
Author Affiliations
1. Govt College of Nursing, Fort, Bengaluru, Karnataka, Government College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, PhD Guide for Research Work, Govt. College of Nursing, Fort, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Govt. College of Nursing, Fort, Bangalore, India, Govt. College of Nursing, Fort, Bangalore, Government College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, PhD Guide for Research Work, Govt College of Nursing, Bangalore, Government College of Nursing, Fort, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Government College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, Government College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Raja Rajeswari College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India; Faculty of Nursing, RGUHS, Karnataka, India and Academic Council, RGUHS, Karnataka, India; UG, PG and Doctoral Courses on Nursing, Various Universities; Nursing Research Society of India, New Delhi, India, Trained Nurses Association of India, New Delhi, India; RGUHS, Nursing Teachers Association, Karnataka, India, Raja Rajeswari College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India; Faculty of Nursing; Academic Council, RGUHS, Karnataka, India; UG, PG and Doctoral Courses on Nursing, Various Universities; Nursing Research Society of India; Trained Nurses Association of India, New Delhi, India; RGUHS, Nursing Teachers Association, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords

Abstract

Organ transplantation has evolved from being a medical experience to a major therapeutic intervention for selected patients. The advances made in organ procurement and preservation, surgical technique, tissue typing and matching, understanding and management of the immune system, immune suppressive therapy and prevention and treatment of rejection have dramatically increased the demand for organs and tissues for transplantation. Conservative medical management of patients with end stage kidney, liver, heart or ling disease is costly. Although transplant procedures are expensive, the current success rate has made transplantation a cost-effective treatment. The other financial factors that increase the cost-effectiveness of transplantation include the potential earning power of the transplant recipient and the discontinuation of existing disability benefits. Transplantation can restore dignity and quality to the lives of patients and once again become productive member of the society. The transplantations already in practice are allograft transplantation (refers to transplantation of organs/tissue from one member of a species to another member of the same species). The common allograft transplantation includes sold organs like kidney, liver, heart, pancreas and lung and cornea and bone marrow. This chapter covers, organs donors, role of nurses in donation process, Indication, contradiction, and management in brief about kidney transplant, heart transplant, liver transplant, lung transplantation, pancreas transplantation and corneal transplantation.

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