Recent Advances in Ophthalmology—9

by HV Nema, Nitin Nema

During the past three decades, ophthalmology has made remarkable progress. It is difficult to keep abreast with all new developments. Therefore, Recent Advances in Ophthalmology—9 only some selected topics such as orbital tumors, refractive surgery, glaucoma imaging, age-related macular degeneration, ocular and adnexal injuries in warfare, genetic in ophthalmology, etc. have been included. Orbit is a complex structure. Besides eyeball, it contains extraocular muscles, blood vessels, glands, nerves, fat, and connective tissues. A surgical refractive correction of anisometropia or bilateral ametropia is relatively a new and controversial concept. Mendez discovered conductive keratoplasty to correct small degree of hyperopia, and presbyopia. Radiofrequency is used to heat and reshape the cornea. Ultrasound biomicroscopy is a valuable tool in the diagnosis of angle-closure glaucoma. Age-related macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness in elderly population. The pattern of ocular injuries in war has grossly changed due to deployment of more sophisticated weapons. The reader may find chapters on Phacomorphic Glaucoma, Management of Subluxated Lenses, Phacoemulsification in Vitrectomized Eyes, and Management of Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment by Vitreoretinal Techniques Innovative, Informative and Practical. Craniopharyngioma is of immense clinical interest to ophthalmologist, neurologist, neurosurgeon, endocrinologist, oncologist, and radiologist. Genetic testing and genetic counseling in ophthalmology are well- established procedures to prevent occurrence and recurrence of genetic eye diseases. Recent developments and innovations in ophthalmology have revolutionized the care and treatment of eye patients. We hope that Recent Advances in Ophthalmology—9 will provide the readers, especially postgraduate students and researchers in ophthalmology, and practicing ophthalmologists, an insight into recent development and trends in the subject which may help improve their day-to-day patient care and quality of life.

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