EXPORT CITATION

Chapter-11 Epidemiology of Periodontal Disease

BOOK TITLE: A Textbook of Public Health Dentistry

Author
1. Marya CM
ISBN
9789350252161
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/11413_11
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2011
Pages
12
Author Affiliations
1. Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research Faridabad, Haryana, India
Chapter keywords

Abstract

Periodontal diseases affect the supporting structures of teeth, i.e. the gingiva (gums), periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and Cementum. Periodontal disease is a pathological condition characterized by a bacterial challenge that can instigate a destructive host response leading to periodontal attachment loss, bone loss and ultimately, possible tooth loss. This chapter aims to describe the prevalence and causes of periodontal diseases. Among the direct causes, thin, adherent microbial film on the tooth surfaces, called dental plaque, is the main pathological cause of gingival and periodontal inflammation. Poor oral hygiene, faulty food habits, poor nutrition, presence of metabolic diseases such as diabetes, use of tobacco, etc. are the major contributory factors for periodontal diseases. It is also known that the use of tobacco, especially habitual chewing of tobacco, presence of metabolic diseases such as diabetes, nutritional deficiencies, compromised immune status and increasing age are associated with an increase in periodontal diseases.

© 2019 Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.   |   All Rights Reserved