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Chapter-14 Critical Care Nursing in India

BOOK TITLE: Critical Care

Author
1. Rungta Narendra
2. Rungta Neena
3. Munjal Manish
4. Kar Arindam
5. Chakrabarti Sati
6. Rao V Ruth Adora
ISBN
9789351522133
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/12670_15
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2016
Pages
5
Author Affiliations
1. Jaipur; MJ Rajasthan Hospitals Limited, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India; Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine; Association of SAARC, Countries Critical Care Societies; Intensive Care Chapter (IAP), Jeevan Rekha Critical Care and Trauma Hospital, Research and Training Institute, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
3. Jeevan Rekha Critical Care and Trauma Hospital and Research and Training Institute, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, Indian College of Critical Care Medicine; Jigyasa Foundation, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, Jeevan Rekha Critical Care and Trauma Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, International FCCS Course; Jigyasa Foundation; Regen Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, Regen Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, Jigyasa Foundation, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, Manglam Medicity, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
4. Medica Institute of Critical Care Medicine, Medica Superspeciality Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, Medica Superspecialty Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, CK Birla Hospitals and CMRI Institute of Critical Care, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, CK Birla Hospitals ICMRI Institute of Critical Care, Kolkata, West Bengal, India; Elect, 2020–2021, Indian Society of Critical, Care Medicine
5. Medica Superspeciality Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
6. Medical Superspeciality Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Chapter keywords
Nursing, healthcare system, auxiliary nursing and midwife, National Health Policy, Indian Nursing Council, graduate nonmatriculated, continuing nursing education, IDCCN

Abstract

Nursing, as a profession has come a long way since the Crimean war times. Medical surgical, geriatric, pediatric, obstetric, cardiovascular, oncology and neurology nursing are sub specialties of nursing. According to Trained Nurses Association of India (TNAI) in India, the nurse to doctor ratio is almost 1.5:1, while it is 3:1 in developed countries. Nurse is considered subordinate to the physician with little contribution to the planning and execution of treatment in a critically ill patient. The quality of nursing education in India is regulated by the Indian Nursing Council (INC). INC is regulates nursing education in the country through prescription, inspection, examination, certification and maintaining its stands for a uniform syllabus at each level of nursing education. Nurses have a unique potential to influence healthcare delivery system in India. Improvements in the standards of nursing will improve the healthcare delivery in India. Some useful links related to critical care medicine and nursing are given at the end of the chapter.

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