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Chapter-047a Special Situations in Thyroidology

BOOK TITLE: ESI Manual of Clinical Endocrinology

Author
1. Bhavani Nisha
2. Jacob Jubbin Jagan
3. Varthakavi Premlata K
ISBN
9789351526476
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/12535_56
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2015
Pages
16
Author Affiliations
1. Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi 682 041, Kerala, India, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, India
2. Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, India, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
3. TN Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, TNM College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Dr AL Nair road Mumbai Central, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, TNM College and BYL Nair Ch Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Chapter keywords
Thyroidology, nonthyroid diseases, Reverse T3, Serum TSH, Thyroid Storm, myxedema coma, thyroid eye disease, sight threatening TED

Abstract

This chapter describes special situations of thyroid diseases like Nonthyroid diseases, Thyroid emergencies and Thyroid Eye Disease in thorough detail. Nonthyroid diseases are described with mechanism of action, effect of free thyroid hormones, serum TSH level and various factors implicated in NTIS like cytokines, reduced substrate, leptin etc. Thyroid emergencies like Thyroid storm, myxedema coma are described with clinical features, treatment measures and prognosis. Thyroid eye disease has the full detail of pathogenesis, clinical presentation of thyroid dysfunction and evaluation for the assessment of activity and severity of disease. Medical management of TED includes treatment of mild and moderate TED, treatment of sight threatening TED etc.

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