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Chapter-072a Vitamin D Status of Indian Population

BOOK TITLE: ESI Manual of Clinical Endocrinology

Author
1. Harinarayan CV
2. Mithal Ambrish
3. Marwaha RK
ISBN
9789351526476
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/12535_88
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2015
Pages
4
Author Affiliations
1. Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India, Institute of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Osteoporosis, Sakra World Hospitals, (next to Passport office), (A kirloskar + Toyota Tsusho + Secom Hospitals Joint Venture), Deverabeesanahalli, (opp Intel, Outer Ring Road), Varathur Hobili, Marathahalli, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2. Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, Medanta Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon 122 001, Haryana, India, Medanta, The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, Medanta–The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, Medanta the Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
3. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, Advanced Pediatric Center, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, International Life Sciences Institute; Thyroid Research Centre, INMAS, DRDO, New Delhi, India, International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI, India); Thyroid Research Centre, INMAS, DRDO, New Delhi, India
Chapter keywords
Rickets, osteomalacia, skin pigmentation, vitamin D, bone mineral density

Abstract

Vitamin D and calcium are significantly essential for growth, development, and structural integrity of bone, its mineralization, and maintenance of calcium homeostasis. Vitamin D deficiency disorders such as rickets and osteomalacia continue to exist in a significant proportion of the Indian population. There are several reasons i.e. Poor sun exposure, Clothing habits, Skin pigmentation, Atmospheric pollution and Food habits and lack of fortification have been proposed to explain the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Indians. Young adults, postmenopausal women, health professionals, and office workers, all have been revealed to be deficient. Some studies have openly evaluated the relationship between vitamin D status and bone mineral density (BMD) in apparently healthy Indians. Vitamin D deficiency also effects on the pregnancy and lactation. Low vitamin D levels in mothers results in low vitamin D in cord blood and newborns. Various strategies are discovered to overcome vitamin D deficiency in India.

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