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Chapter-15 Diet

BOOK TITLE: Manual of Clinical and Practical Medicine

Author
1. Sainani GS
2. Sainani Rajesh G
ISBN
9789352701278
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18069_16
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
15
Author Affiliations
1. Grant Medical College and J.J.Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, Endocrine and Diabetes Centre, Visakhapatnam, India, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai; Armed Forces (for life); Chicago Medical School and Mount Sinai Hospital, Chicago, USA; 10 Other Foreign Universities & Several Indian Universities, CSI, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India; National CSI, Jaslok Hospital & Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India; Grant Medical College & JJ Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India; National Academy of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, Emeritus International Advisor, Royal College of Physicians, London; Chicago Medical School and Mount Sinai Hospital, Chicago, USA, Jaslok Hospital and Research Center; Grant Medical College and JJ Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2. Jaslok Hospital and Research Center, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Bhatia Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia; Jaslok Hospital, Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital and Bhatia Hospital, Mumbai; GI Physiology & Motility Laboratory, Digestive Diseases and Endoscopy Centre, Motiben Dalvi Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Chapter keywords
Diet, normal dietary, nutritional status, therapeutic diet, obesity, underweight, congestive cardiac failure, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, acute renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, chronic kidney disease

Abstract

This chapter focuses on diet. This chapter covers the calculating normal dietary requirements, assessment of nutritional status, and therapeutic diets. The normal dietary requirement is calculated as determine the desirable body weight, calculate calorie requirement as recommended by ICMR, desired distribution of calories, and calorie distribution of meals. Therapeutic diet is a meal plan that controls the intake of certain foods or nutrients. Therapeutic diets control the obesity, underweight, congestive cardiac failure, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, acute renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, chronic kidney disease, renal calculi, gout, peptic ulcer, irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, diarrhea and dysentery, inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease), infective hepatitis (without encephalopathy), cirrhosis of liver (without encephalopathy), hepatic encephalopathy, disorders of gallbladder (cholecystitis, cholelithiasis), and diabetes mellitus.

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