Chapter-03 Inferior Extremity

BOOK TITLE: Surgical Anatomy: A Student’s Manual

1. Mazumdar Sibani
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, India, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMEandR), Kolkata, West Bengal, India, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Chapter keywords
Femoral triangle, saphenous opening, great saphenous vein, perforating vein, iliotibial tract, acetabular labrum, popliteus muscle, deep peroneal nerve, deltoid ligament, spring ligament, greater sciatic foramen, inguinal lymph node


This chapter seeks to familiarize the readers with the inferior extremity of the human body. Femoral triangle is situated in front of the thigh. Saphenous opening is an oval opening in the fascia lata on the upper part of the medial side of the thigh. Great saphenous vein is the continuation of the medial marginal vein of the foot. The superficial and deep veins of the lower limb are connected by perforating veins. Perforating veins are of two types i.e. indirect and direct. Ankle perforating vein are upper, middle, and lower perforating veins. Perforating veins, iliotibial tract, profunda femoris artery, acetabular labrum, locking and unlocking of the knee joint, superficial peroneal nerve, deep peroneal nerve, factors that increase the stability of hip joint, extra-articular ligament of knee joint, etc. are the important topics which are covered briefly throughout this chapter. There are 24 questions also given in this chapter along with their crisp and to the point answers.

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