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Chapter-41 Total Parental Nutrition (TPN)

BOOK TITLE: Pocket Clinical Guide for Nursing Students

Author
1. Prakash P
ISBN
9789352701933
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14242_42
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
3
Author Affiliations
1. College of Nursing, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India
Chapter keywords
Total parental nutrition, TPN, amino acid, lipid, dextrose, electrolyte, Crohn’s disease, peripherally inserted catheter, PICC, nursing intervention

Abstract

TPN is a way of supplying all the nutritional needs of the body by bypassing the digestive system and dripping nutrient solution directly into a vein. TPN is used when individuals cannot or should not get their nutrition through eating. Contents containing TPN are amino acids (protein), lipids (fat), dextrose (carbohydrate), vitamins, electrolytes, minerals, water, and trace elements. Indications of TPN are Crohn’s disease, pancreatitis, extensive burns, severe trauma, protracted diarrhea, postoperative gastrointestinal surgery, necrotizing enterocolitis, intestinal failure, functional immaturity of GI system, and short bowel in children.

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