Chapter-05 Memory and Forgetting

BOOK TITLE: Basic Psychology for Nurses

1. Kumar Rajesh
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India, Rani Children Hospital, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India, NMC Specialty Hospital, Dubai, UAE
Chapter keywords
Memory, natural forgetting, active forgetting, passive forgetting, abnormal forgetting, information processing model, neurocognitive theory, short-term memory, long-term memory


Memory is the reproduction of past personal experience in the same order and form. Through memory, past experiences become a living force in the manner in which they were previously experienced. It is the force which helps to bring past experiences to a state of consciousness in the shape of images and ideas. It is the ability of the organism to store information from earlier learning process and experience, retention, and reproduction to that information in answer to specific stimuli. Memory as well as forgetting is important in life. If forgetting does not take place, the life will be burdened with unpleasant experience and become miserable. Fast forgetting is also hinder day-to-day life. So, the amount and speed of forgetting should be reasonable for survival. Characteristics of memory, characteristics of good memory, types of memory, process of memory, types of forgetting, improvement of memory or memory training, factors causing forgetting, memory and sickness, and memory and nursing are covered in this chapter. In this chapter, short essay type questions and multiple choice questions along with their answer key are also provided.

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