EXPORT CITATION

Chapter-25 Hypnotics

BOOK TITLE: Manual for Dental Hygienist

Author
1. Awasthi Maj Gen PN
ISBN
9789352702282
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14199_26
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
3
Author Affiliations
1. Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune, Maharashtra, India; Indian Army Dental Corps, Dental Council of India; Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India, Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune, Maharashtra, India; Indian Army Dental Corps; Dental Council of India; Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India
Chapter keywords
Hypnotic drug, hypnosis, barbiturate, antianxiety agent, sedative, barbiturate, benzodiazepine, alcohol, paraldehyde

Abstract

A drug such as a barbiturate or antianxiety agent depresses the activity of the central nervous system and is used to relieve anxiety and induce sleep. A hypnotic drug is one which produces sleep resembling natural sleep. A sedative, on the other hand, is drug used to calm and relieve anxiety. These drugs are dose-dependent, i.e. lower dose having calming effect and larger dose producing sleep. Barbiturate is a derivative of barbituric acid and in the past the most commonly employed hypnotics. Benzodiazepines are mainly used in anxiety states and neurosis. They usually exhibit the similar pharmacological properties such as anxiolytic, sedative, hypnotic, skeletal muscle, relaxant, amnesic and anticonvulsant. Alcohol is a colorless, volatile, flammable, water miscible liquid with pungent and ether-like odor. Paraldehyde is given by rectal or intramuscular route to produce hypnosis.

Related Books

© 2019 Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.   |   All Rights Reserved