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Chapter-02 Causative Factors: How Much Do We Know?

BOOK TITLE: FOGSI FOCUS: Prevention of Preterm Labor

Author
1. Bindra Vimee
2. Pandey Seema
3. Chandrareddy Asha
4. Iqbal Arshi
5. Esha Shaik M
6. Ganapule Chaitanya
7. Gautam Kavitha
8. Rajalaxmi
ISBN
9789352702299
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18022_3
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
11
Author Affiliations
1. BEAMS Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India, Apollo Health City, Hyderabad, India, Apollo Health City, Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2. Seema Hospital, Atraulia, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, Seema Hospital and Eva Fertility Clinic and IVF Centre, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
3. Bhoomi IVF Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
4. Arshi Fertility and IVF Research, Institute, Kota, Rajashthan, India
5. Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
6. Pearl IVF, Pune, Maharashtra, India
7. Bloom Fertility, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Chapter keywords
Causative factor, preterm labor, anatomical factor, medical disorder, systemic disorder, assisted reproductive technique, preterm birth

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to focus on the causative factors. This chapter is divided into seven parts, which include etiopathogenesis of preterm labor, infection in preterm labor, anatomical factors in preterm labor, medical and systemic disorders in preterm labor, multiple pregnancies and preterm labor, assisted reproductive technique and preterm labor, and iatrogenic causes of preterm labor. The pathophysiology of preterm birth is multifactorial, very complex, and not clearly understood. Several genetic, physiological, and environmental factors are associated with preterm birth and contribute to uterine activation, labor, and birth. In the recent years increasing assisted reproduction techniques, increasing rates of multiple births and the resultant increasing obstetric intervention have also lead to the increase in preterm labor. Preterm labor has multifactorial etiology, of which the anatomical causes account for 9%. A preterm birth could be spontaneous or indicated means the one that is induced. There are number of maternal medical conditions that are associated with either spontaneous or induced preterm labor.

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