EXPORT CITATION

Chapter-10 Care of the Acutely Injured

BOOK TITLE: Textbook of Surgery for Dental Students

Author
ISBN
9789352702374
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18043_11
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
8
Author Affiliations
Chapter keywords
Trauma, prehospital management, advanced trauma life support system, trauma management, airway, breathing, circulation

Abstract

Trauma is the leading cause of death during young age (30–40 years) when person is in most productive period of his life. 40% of trauma deaths can be avoided by preventive measures. Components of prehospital management and first aid of trauma patients include triage, treatment, and transport. The advanced trauma life support (ATLS) system developed by American College of Surgeons’ Committee on Trauma focuses primarily on the first hour of trauma management and aims at reduction in preventable deaths. The ATLS manual provides guidelines for management of acutely injured patient. The guidelines include primary survey (airway, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure), secondary survey that takes a more complete history and making a detailed examination of the patient from head to toe, and tertiary survey that reviews previous diagnostic tests and thoroughly examines the patient to ensure that all injuries have been identified.

© 2019 Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.   |   All Rights Reserved