EXPORT CITATION

Chapter-34 Management of Some Common Poisonings

BOOK TITLE: Practical Manual of Pharmacology for Medical Students

Author
1. Badyal Dinesh
ISBN
9789352702411
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18065_35
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
8
Author Affiliations
1. Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
Chapter keywords
Poisoning, acute poisoning, hypoventilation, opioid poisoning, tricyclic antidepressant, cardiac conduction defect, activated charcoal, paracetamol poisoning

Abstract

A poison or toxin is a substance that can cause temporary or permanent damage if taken into the body in sufficient quantity. A poison may be swallowed, inhaled, injected, instilled in the eye or absorbed through the skin. Once introduced into the body, a poison can quickly be carried to all the tissues via the bloodstream. Signs and symptoms vary, depending on the poison and its method of entry. Vomiting is common to many cases, with the attendant risk of inhalation of the stomach contents. Early identification of the toxic substance can save time and decrease the risk of toxicity and complications, particularly in instances where a specific antidote could be lifesaving or prevent serious organ damage, e.g. methanol, paracetamol, arsenic, iron poisoning, etc. Early collection of blood, urine and other body fluid samples to establish baseline values for monitoring the toxin, glucose, electrolytes, acid/base status and organ damage may be valuable in the management of the poisoned patient. A detailed discussion on the terminating exposure to ingested toxins, activated charcoal, and poisoning with drugs has been given in this chapter.

Related Books

© 2019 Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.   |   All Rights Reserved