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Chapter-22 Estimation of Serum Cholesterol

BOOK TITLE: An Easy Guide for Practical Biochemistry

Author
1. D’sa Divya Shanthi
2. Lakshmi Sowbhagya
ISBN
9789352702633
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14203_23
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
2
Author Affiliations
1. Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
2. Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India, Sambhram Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kolar, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords
Cholesterol, brain tissue, lipoprotein, hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipidemia, hypothyroidism, uncontrolled diabetes, nephrotic syndrome

Abstract

Cholesterol is the main lipid found in the blood, bile and brain tissues. It is also one of the most important steroids of the body and is a precursor of many steroid hormones. Two-thirds of cholesterol present in the blood is esterified. The liver metabolizes cholesterol, and it is transported in the bloodstream by lipoproteins. Increased levels are found in hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipidemia, hypothyroidism, uncontrolled diabetes, nephrotic syndrome and cirrhosis. Decreased levels are found in malabsorption, malnutrition, hyperthyroidism, anemia and liver diseases.

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