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Chapter-26 Estimation of Albumin in Urine

BOOK TITLE: An Easy Guide for Practical Biochemistry

Author
1. D’sa Divya Shanthi
2. Lakshmi Sowbhagya
ISBN
9789352702633
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14203_27
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
2
Author Affiliations
1. Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
2. Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India, Sambhram Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kolar, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords
Albumin, urine, protein, Esbach’s albuminometer, kidney disease, acute nephritis, chronic nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, renal infection „

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to estimate the amount of albumin in urine. Albumin and other proteins can be measured by precipitating with picric acid solution in Esbach’s albuminometer. Esbach’s albuminometer—the apparatus has the mark ‘U’ near the middle and the mark ‘R’ near the top. The portion below ‘U’ is graduated from 0 to 12 that gives the quantity of proteins in g/L. Albuminuria is characteristic of kidney diseases like acute and chronic nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, renal infections, poisoning by heavy metals and polycystic kidney.

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