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Chapter-03 Specimen Collection and Processing

BOOK TITLE: An Easy Guide for Practical Biochemistry

Author
1. D’sa Divya Shanthi
2. Lakshmi Sowbhagya
ISBN
9789352702633
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14203_4
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
4
Author Affiliations
1. Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
2. Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India, Sambhram Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kolar, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords
Specimen collection, blood, saliva, cerebrospinal fluid, CSF, pleural fluid, ascitic fluid, synovial fluid, venipuncture, arterial puncture, capillary puncture

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to focus on the specimen collection and processing. Biological samples like blood, saliva, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), pleural fluid, ascitic fluid, synovial fluids, kidney stones, gallstones and urine samples are used for analysis of various biochemical parameters which aid in diagnosis of various diseases. Blood is the most frequently used body fluid for analytical purposes. This chapter covers the collection of blood, anticoagulants, and collection and preservation of urine specimens. Blood is collected by venipuncture, arterial puncture, and capillary puncture.

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