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Chapter-09 Analysis of Abnormal Constituents in Urine

BOOK TITLE: An Easy Guide for Practical Biochemistry

Author
1. D’sa Divya Shanthi
2. Lakshmi Sowbhagya
ISBN
9789352702633
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14203_10
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
16
Author Affiliations
1. Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
2. Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India, Sambhram Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kolar, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords
Abnormal constituent, urine, pathological constitute, chemical constitute, physical characteristic, Benedict’s test, porphobilinogen

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to focus on the analysis of abnormal constituents in urine. Substances which are not present in easily detectable amounts in urine of normal healthy individuals but are present in urine under certain diseased conditions are said to be ‘abnormal’ or ‘pathological’ constituents of urine. Analysis of these abnormal constituents aids in the diagnosis of many diseases. Many of these pathological constituents are present in trace amounts in normal urine but they escape detection due to the low sensitivity of the methods employed. The concentrations of these constituents in urine are increased markedly in different pathological conditions. This chapter covers the physical characteristics in pathological conditions, chemical constituents, and analysis of abnormal urine.

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