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Chapter-14 Science, Medicine and Religion: Philosophical Perspectives

BOOK TITLE: Science and Religion-Synergy not Skepticism

Author
1. McCullough Laurence B
2. Chervenak Frank A
ISBN
9789352702756
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18046_15
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
5
Author Affiliations
1. Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA, Baylor College of Medicine, Center for Ethics, Medicine and Public Issues, Houston, Texas, USA, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, USA, Lenox Hill Hospital, Zucker School of Medicine, Hofstra/Northwell, New York, USA
2. New York Weill Cornell Medical Center, Fellow of World Academy of Art and Science, New York, New York, USA, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, USA, E-mail: fac2001@med.cornell.edu, The New York Hospital - Cornell Medical Center , New York, Joan and Sanford I Weill Medical College of Cornell University, The New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, USA, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 525 E. 68th Street, J-130, New York, New York, USA, Weill Medical College of Cornell University; New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, USA, Weill Medical College of Cornell University/New York, Presbyterian Hospital, New York, USA, Weill Medical College of Cornell, University, New York, New York, USA, Lenox Hill Hospital, Zucker School of Medicine, Hofstra/ Northwell, New York, USA
Chapter keywords
Science, religion, philosophical perspective, empirical claim, clinical judgment, scientific medicine, faith, ethical framework

Abstract

There is a potential for conflict between science and scientific medicine, on the one hand, and faith communities and traditions, on the other. Given this potential, it is very important to prevent ethical conflict between medicine and religion. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an ethical framework to guide such prevention. An ethical framework comprises ethical concepts relevant to the topic at hand and a method for deploying these concepts to prevent ethical conflict. Empirical claims in science describe natural phenomena and test hypotheses about their natural causes. Clinical judgments play an essential role in the practice of medicine. Clinical judgments are about categorizing the clinical course of the disabilities, diseases, and injuries of patients, the causes of these conditions, and their outcomes. Conflicts between scientific medicine and faith communities can be prevented.

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