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Chapter-22 Islamic Civilization in Spain: A Magnificent Example of Interaction and Unity of Religion and Science

BOOK TITLE: Science and Religion-Synergy not Skepticism

Author
1. Halilovići Safvetx
ISBN
9789352702756
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18046_23
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
17
Author Affiliations
1. Islamic Pedagogical Faculty, University of Zenica, Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Chapter keywords
Islam, Islamic civilization, science, religion, law, specific characteristic, Arabic-Islamic civilization

Abstract

Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems. The Islamic civilization in Spain encompasses many fields that left a profound imprint in the Iberian Peninsula and Europe. This chapter covers the foundations of civilization in Islam, the most important specific characteristic of Islamic civilization, and Islamic civilization in Spain.

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