Chapter-06 Medical Science and Jewish Law (Halakha)

BOOK TITLE: Science and Religion-Synergy not Skepticism

1. Schenker Joseph G
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical Centre, Jerusalem, Israel, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel, Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel, International Academy of Human Reproduction; Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
Chapter keywords
Medical science, Jewish law, Halakha, Mishnah, Talmud, Post-Talmudic code, Responsa, Torah


The Jewish religion is characterized by a strict association between the faith and practical religious rulings. In order to understand the Jewish cultural developments, it is essential to have a deep insight into the various components of the halakhic literature—the Jewish law. In principle, the halakhic literature is a composed of two divisions following as the written law and the oral law. The foundation of the Written Law is the Torah. The dominant parts of the Oral Law are the Mishnah, the Talmud, the Post-Talmudic codes, and the Responsa. The Torah is not an ordinary text of law. It is an expression of God’s revelation, teaching and guidance for man. The attitude to the Torah is therefore as to a unique and holy divine text, which includes moral values as well as practical laws. Responsa is a term usually confined to written replies given to questions on all aspects of Jewish law by qualified authorities from the time of the later Geonim to the present day.

Related Books

© 2019 Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.   |   All Rights Reserved

Powered by MPS ScholarStor