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Chapter-09 On Concepts of Truth in Sciences, Humanities, and Religion

BOOK TITLE: Science and Religion-Synergy not Skepticism

Author
1. Bešker Inoslav
ISBN
9789352702756
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18046_10
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
5
Author Affiliations
1. University of Split, University of Dubrovnik, Rome, Italy
Chapter keywords
Truth, science, humanity, religion, misunderstanding, lexicography, civil society, philosophical context, scientific context, communicative context, religious context

Abstract

This chapter focuses on concepts of truth in sciences, humanities, and religion. The truth may be defined in different ways, depending on whether it is mentioned in the philosophical, scientific, communicative, or religious context. The boundaries of these contexts may be fluid or vague. There may be confusion in the same text, even in the same sentence, especially between factual and revealed truth. In lexicography a faith can be defined as a subjective intuitive belief, unverifiable (by empirical checking, by reason, etc.); or as an absolute confidence in supernatural (being), in its truthfulness, therefore as fidelity (belonging) to it. In order to avoid misunderstandings: when the terms such as “truth” are used in the current dialog between science and religion, and between them and civil society (for example in the media), it should be useful to keep in mind and clearly say which meaning of the term in question is mediated, or at least in which optic: the religious or scientific one. Failure to be clear about the different meanings of truth in science and religion leads to preventable tension and conflict between them.

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