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Chapter-08 Infections and Recurrent Spontaneous Miscarriages

BOOK TITLE: Recurrent Spontaneous Miscarriages

Author
1. Desai Pankaj
ISBN
9789352702763
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18032_9
Edition
3/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
8
Author Affiliations
1. Medical College, Baroda, Janani Maternity Hospital, Baroda, Medical College and SSG Hospital Baroda, Medical College, Baroda, India, Medical College and SSG Hospital, Baroda, Gujarat, (Unit IV), Medical College and SSG Hospital, Baroda, Medical College and SSG Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India, Medical College and SSG Hospital, Baroda, Dept of Obs and Gyn Medical College, Baroda, Medical College and SSG Hospital, Baroda, India, FOGSI; Janani Maternity Hospital, Baroda, India, Vadodara, Medical College, Baroda, Gujarat, India, Janani Maternity Hospital, Baroda, Gujarat, India, Medical Collage and SSG Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India, Baroda, Gujarat, India, Baroda, Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India, Baroda Medical College and Sir Sayajirao General Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India, Janani Maternity Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India; Medical College and SSG Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India; Societies of India (FOGSI), 2007, Medical College, SSG Hospital and Baroda, Gujarat, India
Chapter keywords
Infection, recurrent spontaneous miscarriage, toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus-2, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, human T-lymphotropic virus, syphilis

Abstract

This chapter focuses on infections and recurrent spontaneous miscarriages. Among so many infections that have been blamed for recurrent pregnancy miscarriages, TORCH (toxoplasmosis, other infections, rubella, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus-2) infections have been the most consistent. The other agents under O include coxsackievirus, chickenpox (caused by varicella zoster virus), parvovirus B19, chlamydia, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus, and syphilis. This chapter covers the essentials of laboratory diagnosis for proving the association between specific organism and recurrent pregnancy loss and specific infections and recurrent pregnancy loss. The diagnosis relies on recognition of the organisms in the products or placental bed to connect a particular microbe to miscarriage.

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