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Chapter-03 Environmental Pollution

BOOK TITLE: Essentials of Environmental Sciences and Hygiene for Nursing and Pharmacy Students

Author
1. Kaur Satinder
2. Rawat HCL
ISBN
9789352702954
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14197_4
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
36
Author Affiliations
1. Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, University College of Nursing, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab, India
2. University College of Nursing, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab, India
Chapter keywords
Water pollution, waterborne disease, water purification, air pollution, airborne disease, noise pollution, soil pollution, marine pollution, radioactive pollution, housing, ventilation

Abstract

This chapter seeks to familiarize the readers with the environmental pollution. Water is a colorless, odorless and tasteless liquid, which plays vital role in animal and human life. Nearly three-fourths of the earth’s surface is covered with water. Rainwater harvesting is the activity of direct collection or storage of rainwater into dugs, wells etc. There are two important methods for rainwater harvesting i.e. surface runoff harvesting and rooftop rainwater harvesting. Water pollution refers to contamination of water sources natural and manmade which decreases quality of water and causes degradation of water for use. Waterborne diseases, water purification, air pollution, airborne disease, noise pollution, soil pollution, marine pollution, radioactive pollution, housing and ventilation, etc. are the other important topics which are also covered throughout this chapter.

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