Chapter-04 Waste Management

BOOK TITLE: Essentials of Environmental Sciences and Hygiene for Nursing and Pharmacy Students

1. Kaur Satinder
2. Rawat HCL
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, University College of Nursing, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab, India
2. University College of Nursing, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab, India
Chapter keywords
Waste, solid waste, municipal waste, industrial waste, biomedical waste, energy recovery, sanitary landfilling, water waste treatment, sewage treatment plant


This chapter deals with the discussion over waste management of solid waste, biomedical waste, and waste water. Waste is unwanted or unusable material which is discarded after primary use and is worthless and defective material. Solid waste or garbage means all the waste which produces from cooking and consumption of food including animal and vegetable waste which can be decayed. The matter which is worthless and no longer wanted. Solid waste can be classified as municipal waste, industrial waste, and biomedical waste. Municipal waste includes household waste. Industrial waste is defined as hazardous waste or disposal is specific in causing substantial or potential threat and danger to public health and environment. Biomedical wastes are generally generated in hospital thus also known as hospital waste which may contain infectious material like infusion kits, soiled bandages, cotton, etc. Waste water treatment is a process used to convert waste water which is water no longer needed or suitable for its most recent use into an effluent that can be either returned to the water cycle with minimal environmental issues or reused. There are two types of waste water treatment plants those can be used; these are physical treatment plant and biological treatment plant which are also discussed in this chapter.

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