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Chapter-14 Acid-Base Disturbances

BOOK TITLE: The Protocol Book for Intensive Care

Author
1. Majumder Amitava
2. Majumder Sujata
3. Bera Dilip Kumar
ISBN
9789352703050
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14144_15
Edition
5/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
11
Author Affiliations
1. Ramakrishna Mission Seva, Pratishthan, Kolkata, India, Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, Kolkata, India, Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2. Ramakrishna Mission Seva, Pratishthan, Kolkata, India, Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, Kolkata, India, Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3. Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Chapter keywords
Acid-base disorder, arterial blood gas, acid-base disturbance, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, respiratory alkalosis, chronic respiratory acidosis

Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to detect acid-base disorder from arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis and correlate with clinical and other laboratory findings to reach at a definite diagnosis. Sometimes multiple acid-base disorders are present due to presence of either multiple diseases at a time or multiple components of a disease at a time. Metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, and respiratory alkalosis are the different types of acid-base disorders which are discussed briefly in this chapter. Approach to diagnose mixed acid-base disorders is also described in this chapter.

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