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Chapter-08 Role of Hysteroscopy in Müllerian Anomaly

BOOK TITLE: Manual of Hysteroscopy

Author
1. Satpathy Rabi Narayan
ISBN
9789352703692
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18028_9
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
7
Author Affiliations
1. SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
Chapter keywords
Congenital anomaly, female reproductive tract, uterine anomaly, Müllerian anomaly, obstructive anomaly, retrograde menstruation, endometriosis

Abstract

Congenital anomalies of the female reproductive tract may involve the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes or vagina. Depending on the specific defect, a woman’s obstetric and gynecologic health may be adversely affected. Uterine anomalies are the most common of the Müllerian anomalies, but the true incidence is not known since many women are asymptomatic and sensitive imaging modalities have only recently become available. Uterine anomalies are associated with both normal and adverse reproductive outcomes. Congenital anomalies of the female reproductive tract are typically classified into three main categories such as agenesis and hypoplasia, lateral fusion defects, and vertical fusion defects. Although many women with Müllerian anomalies are asymptomatic, several gynecologic signs and symptoms are associated with specific anomalies. Women may present with cyclic or noncyclic pelvic pain and dysmenorrhea suggestive of an obstructive anomaly, retrograde menstruation and endometriosis.

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