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Chapter-08 Current Status of Cervical Cancer: Globally and India

BOOK TITLE: Manual of Clinical Dilemma in Mature Women

Author
1. Chavan Niranjan
ISBN
9789352703739
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18026_9
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
5
Author Affiliations
1. FOGSI Oncology and TT Committee; LTMMC and Gen. Hospital, Sion Hospital, Mumbai – 400022, India, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai; Chavan Maternity and Nursing Home, Mumbai, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College (LTMMC), Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital (LTMGH), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Chapter keywords
Cervical cancer, human papilloma virus, HPV, global burden, Indian burden, FOGSI, invasive cervical cancer

Abstract

Cervical cancer is the fifth most common cancer in humans, the second most common cancer in women worldwide. It is the most common cause of cancer death in the developing countries. Large majority (around 85%) of the global burden occurs in the less developed regions, where it accounts for almost 12% of all female cancers. Sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most important risk factor for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive cervical cancer. This chapter covers the history and evolution, global burden, and Indian burden. Cervical cancer is the commonest cancer cause of death among women in India. It is the second most common cancer in women aged 15–44 years. Most factors related to cervical cancer are associated with sexual behavior and it is well-established that HPV infections play a critical role in the development of cervical cancer.

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