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Chapter-02 Anatomical and Physiological Fundamentals of Human Motion

BOOK TITLE: Textbook of Kinesiology

Author
1. Bindal VD
ISBN
9789352704521
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18057_3
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
36
Author Affiliations
1. Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education (Deemed to be University) Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
Chapter keywords
Human motion, kinesiology, skeletal framework, muscular framework, joint, cartilaginous joint, synovial joint, plane joint, muscular system, neuromuscular concept

Abstract

In this chapter, the essential anatomical and physiological fundamentals most relevant to kinesiology, i.e. the study of the skeletal system, (the bones and joints) and the muscular system, are discussed. The human skeleton, or the skeletal system, which is made up of numerous bones, is the rigid framework of the human body. Bones vary in size according to sex and race as well as among individuals. A joint is a union or articulation of two or more bones. A joint that allows a great deal of motion will provide very little stability. Conversely, a joint that is quite stable tends to have little motion. The muscles of the body are the machines by which chemically stored energy is converted into mechanical work. According to the location and distribution, the muscles of the body are classified into three types; (i) smooth muscles, (ii) cardiac muscles, and (iii) skeletal muscles. Neuromuscular concepts and the nervous control of voluntary movements are also presented in this chapter.

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