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Chapter-10 Balanced Diet

BOOK TITLE: Essentials of Nutrition and Biochemistry for Basic BSc Nursing

Author
1. Clement I
ISBN
9789385891526
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18059_11
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
29
Author Affiliations
1. VSS College of Nursing, Bangalore, VSS College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, VSS College of Nursing, Nagadevanahalli, Mysore Ring Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, VSS College of Nursing, No. 78, Nagadevenahalli, Mysore Ring Road, Bengaluru, India, VSS College of Nursing Nagadevanahalli, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, VSS College of Nursing, Nagadevanahalli, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, VSS College of Nursing, Nagadevanahalli, Bengaluru (Karnataka), India, Columbia College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords
Balanced diet, unbalanced diet, meal planning, therapeutic diet, naturopathy, adequate nutrition, carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin, mineral

Abstract

A balanced diet is one that provides the body with all the essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals required to maintain cells, tissues and organs as well as to function correctly. Balanced diet also called a general diet, regular diet, full diet or complete diet, balanced diet is a food preparation which provides complete nutrients as well as supplies carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, mineral and fiber in their normal proportions. This chapter covers the elements and food groups in balanced diet, concepts of balanced diet, recommended dietary allowances, calculation of balanced diet for different group of people, effects of unbalanced diets, meal planning, budgeting of food, introduction to therapeutic diet, naturopathy and diet, and nurses’ role in balanced diet. The food pyramid divides the foods we eat into the categories of grains, vegetables, fruits, milk, meat and beans, oils and discretionary calories. Meal planning means planning diets, which will provide all nutrients in required amounts and proportions, i.e. adequate nutrition.

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