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Chapter-18 Compositions of Vitamins and Minerals

BOOK TITLE: Essentials of Nutrition and Biochemistry for Basic BSc Nursing

Author
1. Clement I
ISBN
9789385891526
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18059_19
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
31
Author Affiliations
1. VSS College of Nursing, Bangalore, VSS College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, VSS College of Nursing, Nagadevanahalli, Mysore Ring Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, VSS College of Nursing, No. 78, Nagadevenahalli, Mysore Ring Road, Bengaluru, India, VSS College of Nursing Nagadevanahalli, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, VSS College of Nursing, Nagadevanahalli, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, VSS College of Nursing, Nagadevanahalli, Bengaluru (Karnataka), India, Columbia College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords
Vitamin, mineral, fat-soluble vitamin, water-soluble vitamin, trace element, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin K

Abstract

Vitamins are defined as a group of complex organic compounds present in minute amounts in natural foodstuff that are essential to normal metabolism and lack of which in the diet causes deficiency diseases. Vitamins are required in trace amounts (micrograms to milligrams per day) in the diet for health, growth and reproduction. There are a number of minerals or inorganic elements that play an important role in nutrition. Mineral elements are present in organic compounds such as hemoglobin, phospholipids, thyroxin as inorganic compounds in sodium chloride and calcium phosphate and as free ions. This chapter covers the discovery of vitamins, importance of vitamins, classifications of vitamins, vitamin facts, difference between fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins, fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins, and trace elements. The trace elements include zinc, iron, copper, manganese, iodine, copper, cobalt and fluoride.

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