Understanding Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

by Francesco Dispenza, Alessandro De Stefano

Vertigo is a frequent and frustrating symptom for which patients seek help from an otolaryngologist and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) represents the most common cause of peripheral vertigo observed. Sometimes, head trauma, vestibular neuritis and other inner ear disorders, such as Meniere’s disease, labyrinthitis, herpesvirus infection, mastoid and stapes surgery, and vascular alterations have been associated with BPPV, but more than 50% of all the reported cases are identified as being idiopathic in nature. Typically, in BPPV, the semicircular canals are inappropriately stimulated by loose otoconia in certain head positions, resulting in brief episodes of vertigo. This book “Understanding Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo” is composed of total 15 chapters. The first chapter discusses on anatomy and physiology of the posterior labyrinth. Pathophysiology and differential diagnosis of BPPV have been covered in second and third chapter. The fourth chapter focuses on epidemiology and clinical features of central positional vertigo. Posterior, horizontal and anterior BPPV are discussed in fifth to seventh chapters. Eighth chapter covers residual dizziness after successful canalith repositioning procedures for BPPV. A detailed description on complex forms of BPPV has been presented in the ninth chapter. Secondary BPPV, migraine-associated Vertigo, BPPV in the childhood and medical management of BPPV are discussed throughout tenth to thirteenth chapters. History, indications for surgery and surgical procedures for BPPV are covered in the fourteenth chapter. The last chapter of this book provides a small picture collection of the most frequent diagnostic tests and therapeutic procedures for BPPV.

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Book Detail

Editor
1. Dispenza Francesco
2. Stefano Alessandro De
Editor's Affiliation
1. “San Giovanni di Dio” Hospital, “Azienda Sanitaria Locale” of Agrigento, Sicily, Italy
2. Institute of Otolaryngology; “G.d’Annunzio” University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy; “Azienda Sanitaria Locale” of Lecce, Apulia, Italy
ISBN
9789385999055
Speciality
Otolaryngology
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/12982
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2017
Pages
296
Book Type
Professional

Chapters

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