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Chapter-04 Parasites, Fungi, Unusual Organisms

BOOK TITLE: Antibiotic Essentials

Author
1. Cunha Burke A.
2. Hage Jean E.
3. Bottone Edward J.
4. Rex John H.
5. Wagner Kenneth F.
6. McGuire James H.
7. Silletti Rodger P.
ISBN
9789385999079
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14129_5
Edition
15/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
56
Author Affiliations
1. Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, New York; State University of New York, School of Medicine, Stony Brook, New York, Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, New York; State University of New York School of Medicine, Stony Brook, New York
2. Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, New York, State University of New York, School of Medicine, Stony Brook, New York, Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, New York and State University of New York School of Medicine, Stony Brook, New York, Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, New York
3. Mount Sinai, School of Medicine, New York, New York, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
4. University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas; AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Macclesfield, UK
5. National Naval Medical Center; Uniformed Services, University of the Health Sciences, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, National Naval Medical Center; Uniformed Services, University of the Health Sciences and F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, National Naval Medical Center; University of the Health Sciences, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland
6. Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
7. Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, New York
Chapter keywords
Blood, microfilaria, CSF/brain pathogen, pulmonary cystic lesion, pulmonary coin lesion, Chagas’ disease, liver fluke, hepatomegaly, intestinal protozoa, intestinal infection, skin vesicle, rickettsia, myositis

Abstract

This chapter aims to cover a brief discussion on parasites, fungi, unusual organisms in blood, CSF/brain, lungs, heart, liver, stool/intestines, and skin/muscle along with their clinical presentation, diagnostic considerations, pitfalls, and prognosis. Brugia malayi may present as an obscure febrile illness, chronic lymphedema, lymphangitis, or cutaneous abscess. Wuchereria bancrofti may present as an obscure febrile illness, chronic lymphedema, lymphangitis, or cutaneous abscess. Chagas’ disease presents acutely after bite of infected reduviid (triatoma) bug with unilateral painless periorbital edema (Romaña’s sign), or as an indurated area of erythema and swelling with local lymph node involvement. Streptobacillus moniliformis is the most common cause of rat bite fever (RBF). Cysts/mass lesions in CSF/brain, pulmonary cystic lesions/masses, pulmonary coin lesions, liver flukes, cystic masses in liver, intestinal protozoa, intestinal trematodes, infiltrative skin/subcutaneous lesions, subcutaneous serpiginous lesions, rickettsia, etc. are some other important topics which are discussed throughout this chapter.

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