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Chapter-14 Hyperlipidemia Diagnosis and Management

BOOK TITLE: Practical Cardiology

Author
1. Khan M Gabriel
ISBN
9789386056016
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18060_15
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
7
Author Affiliations
1. University of Ottawa; The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Chapter keywords
Hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction, MI, low-density lipoprotein, LDL, triglycerides, cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia, diabetes, obesity

Abstract

Hyperlipidemia is a medical term for abnormally high levels of fats (lipids) in the blood. The two major types of lipids found in the blood are triglycerides and cholesterol. Cholesterol is estimated that by the next decade, annually approximately 10 million individuals will die from acute myocardial infarction (MI). The main causes for elevated blood cholesterol are high intake of saturated fats and trans-fatty acids, diabetes, and a relative decrease in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors that mop up cholesterol from the blood. The role of elevated blood triglycerides as an independent risk factor for CAD remains controversial. Normal blood levels range from 0.45 to 2.25 mmol/L (40–200 mg/dL) hypertriglyceridemia is commonly associated with diabetes, obesity and alcohol abuse.

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