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Chapter-17 Reflectance Confocal Microscopy

BOOK TITLE: Color Atlas of Dermoscopy

Author
1. Lallas Aimilios
2. Moscarella Elvira
3. Longo Caterina
4. Pellacani Giovanni
5. Carvalho Nathalie De
6. Piana Simonetta
7. Benatti Elisa
8. Borsari Stefania
9. Albertini Giuseppe
10. Manfredini Marco
11. Gardini Stefano
ISBN
9789386056306
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14253_17
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
18
Author Affiliations
1. Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
2. Arcispedale S Maria Nuova, IRCCS Reggio, Emilia, Modena, Italy
3. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy
4. University of Modena and Reggio, Emilia, Modena, Italy, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Policlinico di Modena, Modena, Italy
5. Brazil
6. Italy
7. Italy
8. Italy
9. Italy
10. Italy, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Policlinico di Modena, Modena, Italy
11. Italy
Chapter keywords
Reflectance confocal microscopy, RCM, noninvasive imaging technique, basal cell carcinoma, BCC, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma

Abstract

Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a noninvasive imaging technique that produces horizontal images of the skin in a cellular level resolution and in real time. This chapter covers the utility of confocal microscopy in the diagnosis of superficial spreading melanoma, the utility of confocal microscopy in the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma, and the utility of confocal microscopy in the diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a relatively novel imaging tool that enables the identification of cells and tissues with nearly histologic resolution. Although several noninvasive tools have been explored to test their potential application in the clinical field, RCM has emerged as a unique instrument because it can visualize the skin tissue with a resolution that is comparable with conventional histopathology.

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