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Chapter-03 Diabetes Mellitus

BOOK TITLE: Exam Preparatory Manual for Undergraduates: Medicine

Author
1. Nayak Ramadas
2. Boloor Archith
ISBN
9789386056610
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14224_4
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
33
Author Affiliations
1. Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal University, Karnataka, India, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, Yenepoya Medical College, Constituent of Yenepoya University (Accredited by NAAC with "A" grade), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University (Accredited by NAAC with “A” grade), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
2. Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords
Diabetes mellitus, DM, type 1 DM, type 2 DM, insulin resistance, latent diabetes, MODY, glycosuria, glucose tolerance test, medical nutrition therapy, insulin regimens, pancreatic transplantation, hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM), the most common endocrine disease, is a metabolic syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia due to absolute or relative insulin deficiency/resistance or both. Diabetes mellitus is classified according to etiopathogenesis that leads to hyperglycemia, into different groups, but majority of cases fall into one of two broad classes; namely type 1 DM and type 2 DM. In the majority of patients, immunologic markers appear before diabetes becomes clinically overt. Beta cell mass and insulin secretion progressively decreases although normal glucose tolerance is maintained. Written in question and answer format, this chapter talks about the clinical features and diagnosis of DM, complications of diabetes, and chronic complications of diabetes. Crisp and to the point answers of questions have been given in this chapter.

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