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Chapter-20 Common Communicable Diseases in Children

BOOK TITLE: Pediatric Nursing

Author
1. Sarkar Subrata
ISBN
9789386150875
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14185_21
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
37
Author Affiliations
1. Swami Prakashananda Ayurveda Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, National Institute of Orthopedically Handicapped, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, Charnock College of Nursing, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Chapter keywords
Communicable disease, common viral infection, whooping cough, measles, poliomyelitis, HIV infection, common bacterial infection, tuberculosis, leprosy, Kala-Azar

Abstract

Communicable diseases spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person. The spread often happens via airborne viruses or bacteria, but also through blood or other bodily fluid. The terms infectious and contagious are also used to describe communicable disease. Many kinds off common communicable diseases in children are common viral infections, whooping cough, measles, poliomyelitis, treatment of residual paralysis, chickenpox (varicella–zoster, shingles), dengue, rabies, HIV infection, common bacterial infection, tuberculosis, leprosy, common parasitic infections, Kala-Azar, filariasis, helminthiasis, and echinococcosis (hydatid disease) briefly explained in this chapter.

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