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Chapter-27 Drugs used in Pediatrics

BOOK TITLE: Pediatric Nursing

Author
1. Sarkar Subrata
ISBN
9789386150875
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14185_28
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
11
Author Affiliations
1. Swami Prakashananda Ayurveda Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, National Institute of Orthopedically Handicapped, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, Charnock College of Nursing, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Chapter keywords
Drug, pediatric, rational drug therapy, RDT, drug calculation, pediatric pain management, adverse drug interaction, neurologic system, cardiovascular system, body composition

Abstract

Drug treatment in children differs from that in adults, most obviously because it is usually based on weight or surface area. Doses differ because of age related variations in drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination. The main reason for children being more prone to adverse side effects of drugs is that children are not just small adults. This chapter covers the review of anatomical and physiological features of pediatric patients that influence drug administration, guidelines of rational drug therapy, guidelines on the use of drugs in children, different methods of drug calculation, administration of drug and fluid—nursing responsibilities, pediatric pain management, and adverse drug interaction.

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