The objective of this chapter is to introduce the philosophy of education. Philosophy of education can refer to either the academic field of applied philosophy or to one of any educational philosophies that promote a specific type or vision of education, and/or which examine the definition, goals and meaning of education. Important philosophies of education include traditional philosophies, modern contemporary and traditional Indian philosophies. Traditional philosophies are idealism, naturalism, pragmatism, and realism. Modern contemporary include supernaturalism, humanistic existentialism progressivism, behaviorism, humanism, experimentalism, reconstructionalism, and eclecticism. Supernaturalism philosophy originated in the Christian philosophy and according to this philosophy, ‘there is a personal God. God is the author and creator of nature and man. God has created this universe and placed man in the universe as His child. God helps His children to attain the eternal destiny that is union with God. Existentialism is a humanistic philosophy. Man is the major focus of all existentialist thinkerstheists or atheists. In existentialists humanistic perspective the evolutionary background of man completely disappears. The existentialists on the other hand predetermining essence for man.