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Chapter-04 Mosquito-borne Diseases

BOOK TITLE: Concise Handbook of Infectious Diseases

Author
1. Sahadulla MI
ISBN
9789386261939
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14120_5
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
13
Author Affiliations
1. Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS) Healthcare Group, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Chapter keywords
Mosquito-borne disease, malaria, artemisinin, severe malaria, dengue, fluid resuscitation, Chikungunya virus, ZIKA virus, yellow fever virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, St Louis encephalitis virus

Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to cover mosquito-borne diseases. Malaria is caused by the parasite Plasmodium vivax the bites of infected female anopheles mosquitoes. Peripheral blood smears are the gold standard to confirm the diagnosis of malaria. Chloroquine has been the drug of choice, but owing to widespread resistance to this agent, other therapeutic medications should be considered. Due to resurgence in the last three decades, dengue fever is now considered second only to malaria in terms of importance as a tropical disease. Laboratory confirmation of a clinical diagnosis of dengue depends on when a serum sample is obtained during the course of illness. Treatment is mainly supportive, fluid resuscitation is central to management. Chikungunya virus, ZIKA virus, yellow fever virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, and St Louis encephalitis virus are other mosquito-borne diseases which are also discussed briefly throughout this chapter.

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