Demographic and Clinicopathological Associated Risk Factors in Oral Cancer in Rajasthan: A Retrospective Study

JOURNAL TITLE: Dental Journal of Advance Studies

Author
1. Sanjay Sharma
2. Dinesh Yadav
3. Jatinder Mohan Arora
4. Dinesh Kumar
5. Mamit Dogra
6. Himanshu Sharma
ISSN
2321-1482
DOI
10.5005/djas-11014-0007
Volume
11
Issue
1
Publishing Year
2023
Pages
4
Author Affiliations
    1. Department of Conservative and Endodontics, Subharti Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
    1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    2. State University of New York, New York, USA
    3. Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    4. St George’s University Hospital Foundation Trust and St George’s, University of London, UK
    5. Ballarat Health Services, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia
    6. Dr Rajendra Prasad Center for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute for Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    7. Ramakrishna Care Hospital, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
    8. St. George’s, University of London, UK; St. George’s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK
    9. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    10. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
    11. AIIMS, New Delhi, India
    12. Bombay Hospital and Lilavati, Hospital and Medical Research, Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
    13. AIIMS, New Delhi
    1. Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
    2. Vivekanand Hospital, Bhadra, Rajasthan, India; Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
    3. Vivekanand Hospital, Bhadra, India; Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences, Indore, India
    1. Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Health Sciences Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
    1. Consultant Maxillofacial Surgeon, Paras Hospital, Panchkula, Haryana, India
  • Article keywords
    Gingivobuccal sulcus complex carcinoma, Oral cancer, Radiotherapy, Squamous cell carcinoma

    Abstract

    Objective: To ascertain the correlation between sociodemographic and clinic-pathological risk variables and oral cancer. Materials and methods: At Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Hospital (MGMCH) in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, a two-year cross-sectional survey was conducted. The Medical Records office provided medical records for 300 patients with oral cancer. Results: Males (63.3%), non-smokers (56.6%), betel quid chewers (96.6%), and residents of different sub-cities of Rajasthan made up the bulk of oral cancer cases. The majority of patients were in stages III (30%) and IV (45%) at the time of diagnosis. The most often used type of therapy was a surgical, radiation, or combination. The majority of the patients were still living (73%) at the time of this study. Conclusion: The gingivobuccal sulcus (GBS) complex malignancy was the most frequently involved oral cavity site (33%), and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was the most commonly encountered oral cancer in the Rajasthan population (73.3%).

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