Comparative Evaluation of Clinical and Radiographic Success of Formocresol, Propolis, Turmeric Gel, and Calcium Hydroxide on Pulpotomized Primary Molars: A Preliminary Study

JOURNAL TITLE: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

1. Shweta S Hugar
2. Harsha Assudani
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
    1. Department of Periodontics, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, Karnataka, India
    1. Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, Karnataka, India
  • Article keywords
    Formocresol, Propolis, Pulpotomy


    Aims: Despite various advents in technology, the present era marks a shift to phytotherapeutics and alternative modalities to conventional endodontic treatments. Newer endodontic modalities have been developed inculcating the ancient system of medicine. The present study was done to compare and evaluate the clinical pulp response and radiographic signs after pulpotomy in four groups of primary molar teeth treated with formocresol (control), propolis extract, turmeric gel, and calcium hydroxide respectively. Materials and methods: Following ethical clearance, 90 primary molar teeth in 45 pediatric patients, aged between 4 and 9 years, were selected for pulpotomy. These were then randomly divided by split-mouth technique into two groups as experimental (propolis extract/turmeric gel/calcium hydroxide) and control (formocresol) groups. The patients were followed up for 6 months for clinical and radiographic signs and symptoms to evaluate the success of treatment. Results: A comparable clinical and radiographic success rate was seen with all experimental groups as compared to the control (formocresol) group. Conclusion: With concerns about the safety of formocresol appearing in the dental and medical literature for more than 20 years, the materials used in this study can be considered as promising alternatives for formocresol in pediatric endodontic treatment.

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