To Study the Prevalence of Premalignancies in Teenagers having Betel, Gutkha, Khaini, Tobacco Chewing, Beedi and Ganja Smoking Habit and Their Association with Social Class and Education Status

JOURNAL TITLE: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Author
1. Vinay K Srivastava
ISSN
0974-7052
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1243
Volume
7
Issue
2
Publishing Year
2014
Pages
7
Author Affiliations
    1. Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Article keywords
    Premalignant lesions, Noxious oral addiction habits, Anti-noxious oral habit policy, Social class

    Abstract

    Premalignant oral lesions are usually associated with noxious oral addiction habits. These habits are common in both, high as well as low socioeconomic status but education status of parent and patients significantly affects the development of noxious oral addictions. A total of 872 patients (cases and controls) were included in the study. Social class was determined as per modified Prasad\'s classification (1970) with price index correction of 2004. Prevalence of lichen planus, to be only 0.4 and 2.6% present in groups III and IV of cases, and submucous fibrosis (SMF) — stromal one lanocytic foci — was 2.4% in male (group III) whereas it was not found in female cases (group IV). Teenagers having higher frequency and longer duration of noxious habits were more prone for development of premalignant lesions. 0.6% of leukoplakia, 0.3% erythroplakia, 0.7% lichen planus and 0.7% submucous fibrosis were present in 872 observed patients of control and cases.

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